National Day : 09 November 1953, Independent day

Facts, Figures, and Further Information

Geography: Situated in the southwest of the Indochinese peninsula, Cambodia occupies a total area of 181,035 square kilometers and borders Thailand to the west and northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. -- Cambodia’s geographic coordinates are 13 00 N, 105 00 E. Cambodia’s terrain consists mainly of low plains, with mountains to the southwest and north. Two dominant physical features of Cambodia are the Mekong river, which runs from north to south of the country, and the Tonlé Sap Lake. Natural resources include oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential.

Population: Cambodia’s population is approximately 14 million. Ninety per cent of residents are Khmer; the rest are Cham (Khmer Muslim), Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Thai, Phnorng, Kuoy, Stieng, Tamil, etc. Population density is 78/ km2.

Language: Khmer is the official language of Cambodia. The Cambodian language is derived from the Mon-Khmer (Austro-Asiatic) language family. Khmer is renowned for possessing one of the largest sets of alphabets; it consists of 33 consonants, 23 vowels and 12 independent vowels. While tourists may wish to learn a few spoken phrases before or when visiting Cambodia, English is widely spoken and understood. French and Mandarin are also spoken frequently in the country; most elderly Cambodians speak French and many people in the Khmer-Chinese population speak Mandarin.

Religion: Theravada Buddhism is the prevailing official religion in Cambodia and approximately ninety percent of the population is Buddhist. Islam, Hinduism and Christianity are also embraced in Cambodia. Since Buddha statues and images represent the revered Buddha, visitors are asked to treat all such statues and images with respect, so as not to offend local people. In Cambodia, regardless of religion, the country maintains a harmonized state.

National flower: The romduol, a small yellowish-white flower, is the national flower of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Since ancient times, Cambodian women have often been compared to the Romduol flower because of its attractive fragrance; a unique scent that is prominent in the late afternoon and can travel over long distances with the wind. With its sturdy stems that measure up to 30cm, the Romduol plant can grow to a height of 12 meters. These plants are being planted to enhance public parks.

Arts & Handicraft: Traditional Cambodian arts and crafts including silk weaving, silverwork, stone carving, wood carving, lacquerware, pottery, ceramics, temple murals, basketry and kite-making have evolved from ancient times. A tradition of modern art began in Cambodia in the mid-twentieth century.

Cambodian Food: Cambodian cuisine includes noodles, soups, grills, stir-fried, curries, salads, desserts, lots of vegetables, tropical fruits, and of course rice which is the staple food for Cambodians. Cambodian culinary secrets are rarely written down; the recipes were instead handed down from mother to daughter.

Weather: The wet season comes courtesy of the southwest monsoon which blows from May to October, bringing with it some 75% of Cambodia's annual rainfall. Not surprisingly, the wet season is characterized by rain.

ACD activities that were hosted by Cambodia

  1. 1. The 3rd ACD Tourism Business Forum, 24-25 April 2006, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    1. » Report of the 3rd ACD Tourism Business Forum (attached herewith)
    2. » ACD Road Map for Tourism Cooperation (attached herewith)
  2. 2. Cambodia has sent the Concept Paper on Poverty alleviation to share Cambodia’s Experience (attached herewith)

Other relevant websites

  • Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Prime Minister

    Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo HUN SEN

  • Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MFA-IC)

    H.E. Mr. HOR Namhong

  • Contact of ACD Mission

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    and International Cooperation
    No.3, Samdech Hun Sen Street,
    Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamcar Mon,
    Phnom Penh
    TELEPHONE : (855) 23 214 441, 23 216 122, 23 224 973
    FAX : (855) 23 216 144, 216 141
    EMAIL :